Biosensors for environmental applications: Future development trends
S. Rodriguez-Mozaz, M.-P. Marco, M. J. Lopez de Alda, and D. Barceló
Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB-CSIC,
C/Jordi Girona 18-26,
08034 Barcelona, Spain; Department of Biological Organic Chemistry,
IIQAB-CSIC, C/Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Abstract: Biosensors can be excellent analytical tools for monitoring
programs working to implement legislation. In this article, biosensors
for environmental analysis and monitoring are extensively reviewed.
Examples of biosensors for the most important families of envi-ronmental
pollutants, including some commercial devices, are presented. Finally,
future trends in biosensor development are discussed. In this context,
bioelectronics, nanotechnology, miniaturization, and especially biotechnology
seem to be growing areas that will have a marked influence on the development
of new biosensing strategies in the next future.
*Plenary lectures presented at the Inaugural Conference for the Southern and Eastern Africa Network of Analytical Chemists (SEANAC), Gaborone, Botswana, 7-10 July 2003. Other presentations are published in this issue, pp. 697-888.
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