29 No. 4
Natural Products and Biodiversity
Pure and Applied Chemistry
Special issue, Vol.
79, No. 4, pp. 467–823 (2007)
special topic issue includes reviews and research papers based
on lectures presented at the 25th International Symposium
on Chemistry of Natural Products (ISCNP-25) and the 5th International
Conference on Biodiversity (ICOB-5), held jointly in Kyoto,
Japan, 23–28 July 2006, on the theme of natural products.
For a conference report, see Jan-Feb
2007 CI, p. 29.
The natural products theme is deeply rooted in the culture of IUPAC. The first International Symposium on the Chemistry of Natural Products (ISCNP), held 15–25 August 1960, with Sir Alexander Todd (later, Lord Todd) as president, can claim particular credit in the history of the Union. Not only did it take an early bold step toward the truly global reach that characterizes IUPAC conferences in the modern era, but it was the harbinger of numerous sponsored or Union-initiated series devoted to other areas of specialization in the chemical sciences.
|The background illustration depicts Amamioshima Island, Japan, nearby the marine site of a Zoanthus species in which D. Uemera (chairman of the ISCNP-25/ICOB-5 Organizing Committee) discovered norzoanthamine in 1995. The total syntheses of norzoanthamineand zoanthamine are reported by M. Miyashita in that PAC issue, p. 651.
International delegates to the inaugural event undertook the then nontrivial journey to Melbourne, Canberra, and Sydney, Australia with an excursion to New Guinea, to participate in a scientific program in which structural elucidation and synthesis were dominant themes, and most familiar modern tools and techniques were still in their infancy. Natural products lore still celebrates the names of certain pioneers who contributed to that first program.
As a series, this hardy biennial has since been hosted throughout the world, and has faithfully served a huge international community of scientists engaged in every conceivable aspect of natural products chemistry. The terms of reference for the ISCNP series have recently been adapted following a decision to merge with the younger series of International Conferences on Biodiversity (ICOB). This step was inaugurated with ISCNP-24/ICOB-4, which was held in New Delhi, India, from 26–31 January 2004. The change exemplifies the evolving nature of the subject, and its ongoing appeal to scientists engaged in exploring and developing less familiar disciplinary interfaces, as well as traditional mainstream areas. It is thus unsurprising that natural products should be a Special Topic theme for a second time in the recent history of Pure and Applied Chemistry (PAC); see PAC Vol. 75, No. 2–3, pp. 141–419 (2003), for a collection of papers based upon presentations at ISCNP-23, held in Florence, Italy, from 28 July–2 August 2002. That program featured fresh insights into proteomics, genetics, and molecular biology, a trend that ISCNP-25/ICOB-5 has continued to develop. The program also covered related and new features of bioactivity at the molecular level and chemical biological themes, whilst also paying homage to enduring favorites such as structure and synthesis.
What is a PAC Special Topic issue?
The concept was introduced as a device to publicize and promote new and emerging principles and practice in all branches of chemical sciences, through the pages of PAC. Themes may be selected from inaugural events or special IUPAC projects, but equally, may identify themselves as dynamic and widely practiced areas of science presently covered by regular IUPAC-sponsored series. Important criteria obviously include relevance, topicality, and readership expectations. Publication projects arising from the Special Topics initiative generally continue to achieve favorable citation profiles, and thereby support the view that they fulfill an important need.
It is noteworthy that the Kyoto meeting represents the third occasion that the series has been hosted in Japan, the home of some quite extraordinary manifestations of natural products and biodiversity, as well as some of the outstanding practitioners of the subject. The program of ISCNP-25/ICOB-5 rightly captures some of this local character, but is also a fully representative expression of the international participation and appeal that traditionally characterizes the series. It is a pleasure to acknowledge the able and enthusiastic support of the conference editor, Hideo Kigoshi, in preparing this Special Topic issue of 27 topical papers based upon program presentations. The collection aspires to offer an enduring archival record of a subject that continues to reinvent itself, and to astound and challenge its practitioners with the apparently boundless molecular riches of the biosphere.
Foreword by James R. Bull, PAC scientific editor
Preface by Daisuke Uemura, chairman of the conference organizing committee
last modified 26 July 2007.
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