28 No. 3
for Terminology for Microtechnology in Clinical Laboratories
(IUPAC Technical Report)
Peter Wilding, Thomas Joos, Larry J. Kricka, and Leming Shi
Pure and Applied Chemistry
78, No. 3, pp. 677–684 (2006)
is no formal terminology used to describe the scope and use
of microtechnology in the clinical laboratory. For many laboratory
scientists, the word "microchip" is synonymous with
high-density microarrays used primarily for investigating
gene expression. This document proposes a system of "categories"
and "descriptors" that facilitate the classification
of a microfabricated device (MFD) in a way that communicates
details of its function and analytical role, and describes
the analytical principle involved and the methods and materials
used for its manufacture. Adoption of this system would enable
scientists to employ four descriptors that clearly delineate
the function, analytical role, and chemical or physical principle
involved in the device.
of microfabricated devices (MFD) and descriptions. The
MFD categories are: A, microfluidic; B, micro-electronic;
C, microarray; D, chemically reactive component-based;
E, individually addressable; and F, micro-electromechanical.
See full text for details.
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