27 No. 4
Crop Protection Chemistry in Latin America
by Elizabeth Carazo
More than 250 scientists, government regulators, and industry
leaders representing 28 countries gathered in San Jose, Costa
Rica from 14–17 February 2005 to participate in the
International Workshop on Crop Protection Chemistry in Latin
America. The theme of the workshop was “Harmonized
Approaches for Environmental Assessment and Regulation,”
and a key objective was to encourage exchange of the latest
information regarding harmonized approaches for scientific
and regulatory evaluation of pesticides in countries throughout
workshop was organized by the Centro de Investigación
en Contaminación Ambiental of the University of Costa
Rica and the State Phytosanitary Service of the Costa Rica
Ministry of Agriculture. Sponsors included CropLife Latin
America and the local Costa Rica industry association, Cámara
Nacional de Insumos Agropecuarios. Prof. Elizabeth Carazo
of the University of Costa Rica led the workshop, and IUPAC
contributions were assisted and coordinated by Dr. Ken Racke
of the Division of Chemistry and the Environment (DCE).
The workshop was organized as part of an IUPAC project of
the same title, for which the key objectives are to i) identify
and prioritize the main regional issues related to crop protection
chemistry and potential environmental impacts in Latin America;
ii) facilitate the exchange of information and ideas regarding
harmonized approaches for scientific evaluation and regulation
of crop protection chemistry; and iii) develop recommendations
for advancing crop protection chemistry in Latin America.
The three-day scientific program for the workshop, which included
28 invited lectures and an equal number of posters, was organized
around three priority topics related to crop protection chemistry.
These included regulatory harmonization, environmental assessment,
and residues and human exposure. The program featured 13 lecturers
from the IUPAC DCE Subcommittee on Crop Protection Chemistry,
who highlighted the findings and recommendations of a number
of recently concluded and ongoing IUPAC projects. The workshop
attracted a significant amount of media attention and, in
addition to articles in leading Costa Rican newspapers, the
workshop was covered by the primary local television networks.
Several of the media reports featured interviews with invited
The IUPAC workshop in Costa Rica was the sixth in a developing
series of such chemistry-related, crop-protection workshops
organized by the DCE since 1988. Past workshops have been
held in Brazil, China, Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The papers
from the Costa Rica workshop proceedings are available at
the link below.
feature article on the Advancement of Harmonized Approaches
for Crop Protection Chemistry in Latin America, authored
by K. Racke, E. Caraza, and G. Robertys will appear in
the Sep-Oct 2005 CI.
Although the workshop was a great success in terms of participation
and the level of scientific information exchange involved,
it only represented the second of three objectives for the
“Crop Protection Chemistry in Latin America” IUPAC
project (# 2003-013-1-600).
The project also aims to develop recommendations for future
advancement of crop protection chemistry in Latin America.
Although the results of the workshop are still being evaluated,
three preliminary areas of emphasis and future action have
so far been proposed: pesticide product specifications, ecological
risk assessment, and education.
Elizabeth Carazo <email@example.com>, a professor at the University of Costa Rica in San Jose and director of the Centro de Investigación en Contaminación Ambiental, was chair of the local organizing committee. She is project leader for the corresponding IUPAC project <www.iupac.org/projects/2003/2003-013-1-600.html>.
last modified 17 June 2005.
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